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Know your entrances and exits

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We're receiving a number of queries about the test requirements for passenger entrances and exits on Class 5 vehicles, particularly in respect of emergency exits. It appears that some testers are failing vehicles for not having a ‘break glass’ hammer, even though the vehicle does not have a ‘break glass’ emergency exit.

To clear things up; Class 5s are required to have at least two means of passenger exit, one of which must be a designated emergency exit. This requirement can be met by two regular means of exit, like a nearside door and a rear door, or one regular means and one emergency means. The emergency means can be a door that is for emergency use only or a ‘break glass’ emergency exit, which is usually a window.  Any additional emergency exits must also be tested.

Emergency exit doors, opening windows or hatches must be checked to make sure they:• can be opened and closed from inside and out
• latch securely in the closed position
• are clearly signed as emergency exits

Where a ‘break glass’ emergency exit is fitted, it must be clearly signed as an emergency exit and a ‘break glass’ hammer must be present.

There are also a few additional checks in respect of passenger entrance/exit doors. These include checking for:• damage and deterioration
• the operation of any emergency and remote controls
• the operation of any passenger ‘door open’ warning device (if fitted)

A ‘door open’ warning device may be visual or audible. If you do not know whether a warning device is fitted, the vehicle can be passed and customer advised.

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